A laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a keyhole surgery in which the surgeon removes your gallbladder. This is done through a few small holes instead of one large cut.
The laparoscope, which is a thin tube attached to a camera, is inserted through one hole (umbilicus). Your gallbladder is then seen on a screen and taken out removed through another small keyhole incision.
The liver makes greenish yellow bile. This bile aids in the digestion of fats in the foods you eat. Bile is stored in a small sac called gall bladder.
Gallstones are formed from the cholesterol in the bile. These gall stones can block the flow of bile from gall bladder into intestine. This blockage can cause bloating sensation, nausea, vomiting, and pain in your upper abdomen. Gallstones can also enter the tube that carries bile from the liver or gallbladder to the intestine. This leads to jaundice.
Gallstones can cause the gallbladder to get infected. This condition is called cholecystitis. Gall stones can also cause problems to pancreas (pancreatitis). Rarely, long standing gall stones can lead to gall bladder cancer.